2 colour maps, 1 map, 19 figures, 2 graphs, 1 dendrogramme, numerous tables and charts
Text language: English
This volume on the expression of directionality in African languages is the output of a workshop Directionality in Grammar and Discourse: Evidence from African Languages that was held at the University of Cologne, Germany in June 10–11, 2010. This workshop on directionality was a continuation of a previous one on “Encoding Motion: Case Studies from Africa”, which was held in 2007. The results of the 2007 workshop have been published under the same title – edited by Angelika Mietzner and Yvonne Treis – see link below.
The idea of planning such a workshop was motivated by the fact that a large number of African languages exhibit multiple ways of expressing the direction towards or away from a deictic center, either by fixed morphemes or by other grammatical elements. Former research had also revealed that directional morphology may develop semantics that go beyond the encoding of direction properly. So, the question was: How do African languages encode directionality, and in which way may particular forms receive semantics that have no obvious semantic relation to directionality?
The participants presented papers on Afroasiatic, Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan and Khoisan languages, i.e. on languages of all of the four African language phyla: the Afroasiatic phylum is represented by Berber (Fleisch) and Somali (Northern Cushitic; Claudi). Niger-Congo is represented by Tima (Eastern Sudanic; Dimmendaal et al.), Zande (Ubangi; Pasch), Mbembe (Jukunoid; Richter gen. Kemmermann), Syer (Senufo; Dombrowsky-Hahn), as well as by Bantu languages (Atindogbé, Möhlig, Nassenstein). Nilo-Saharan languages are represented by languages of the Eastern Sudanic branch, Dinka (Western Nilotic; Andersen), Nilotic (Mietzner) and Nubian (Jakobi). One Khoisan language was investigated, namely Nǁng (Ernszt).
Suzan Alamin / Gertrud Schneider-Blum / Gerrit J. Dimmendaal:
Finding your way in Tima
Verbal directionality and argument alternation in Dinka
Gratien G. Atindogbé:
On the typology of directional verbs in Bantu A (Barombi, Isubu, Mokpe, and Oroko)
Who moves, and why? Somali deictic particles
Grammaticalization of the deictic verbs ‘come’ and ‘go’ in Syer
On the different uses of the deictic directional verbs ‘go’ and ‘come’ in N||ng
Directionality in Berber – Orientational clitics in Tashelhiyt and related varieties
Extensive is up, intensive is down: the vertical directional background of the adverbials k/ vs. ts/ in Isu
Spatial orientation in Nilotic languages and the forces of innovation
Wilhelm J.G. Möhlig:
Directionality as a basic principle in Otjiherero verb constructions
Directionality in Lingala
Two multifunctional locative and directional prepositions in Zande
Doris Richter gen. Kemmermann:
Directional verbs in Mbembe