Constance Kutsch Lojenga: Ngiti – A Central-Sudanic Language of Zaire [PDF]


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Nilo-Saharan – Linguistic Analyses and Documentation Volume 9

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XIV, 517 pp.
1 map, 9 sonagrams, numerous tone specimens, diagrams, tables and charts, appendices: Texts: 5 Lendu Folktales and 10 Proverbs with Glossings and Translations, LENDU Geography and Demography, Comparative Word Lists of the LENDU Speech Varieties, Regional and Free Variants within Ngiti, LENDU Ethnic Groups and their Speech Varieties, Verb Conjugations

Text language: English

Ngiti (also called Southern Lendu) belongs to the Lendu subgroup of Central Sudanic, which in turn is a branch of the Chari-Nile subdivision within the Nilo-Saharan language family. It is spoken by about 100,000 people (1991) in the Ituri Province / northeastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The first chapter focusses on the classification of Lendu and Ngiti, showing that Ngiti diverges from the Lendu dialects. Chapters 2-4 treat the phonological structure of Ngiti. A special feature of the language is the contrast between voiced and voiceless implosives, only found in Lendu and Ngiti. Chapters 5-9 deal with the different word classes found in Ngiti and their syntactic behaviour. The language makes a distinction between alienable and inalienable possession as well as verbal plurality.

Under these links you will find publications by the author and descriptions of further Nilo-Saharan and Bantu languages and cultures of the Dem. Republic of the Congo:

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