Ethelbert E. Kari: A Reference Grammar of Degema [PDF]

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A Delta Edoid Language of South-Eastern Nigeria

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ISBN 978-3-89645-047-0 SKU: 047 Categories: , Tags: , , ,

Description

2004
XIV, 430 pp.
1492 language examples, Lexicon: Structured semantic fields and basic vocabulary, Subject index

Text language: English

This book is the first detailed, descriptive and analytic grammar of Degema, a Delta Edoid language spoken in the south-eastern Nigerian communities of Usokun-Degema and Degema Town. The variety of Degema represented in this book is the Usokun dialect, based on the author’s speech as a native speaker of Degema. This study covers the phonological, morphological and syntactic features of Degema. It also includes basic information on the semantics and lexicon of the language.

Among many striking features of Degema that are described in this book are a vestigial noun class system, an elaborate (anaphoric) clitic system and concordial serial verbs, where in some cases tense-aspect marking on the initial verb is repeated after non-initial verbs, the interaction of tone with negation, tense, aspect and modality, the use of ideophones and cognate objects as a means of intensifying verbal meaning, the use of serial verbs as a major means of clausal coordination, an advanced tongue root vowel harmony in which ten vowels divide neatly into two sets of five each – expanded and non-expanded – distinguished by pharynx size, downdrift and intonation.

In an age when many small languages are being ‘swallowed up’ by big and influential ones, this comprehensive documentation of Degema language is a welcome development for the Degema-speaking community and a credit to the linguistic community.