3 maps, 67 b/w photos, 42 drawings, 6 facsimile reproductions, 1 folded facsimile reproduction of the traditional Batak calendar (porhalaan), appendix, subject index
Text language: German
At the outset of the 20th century, Johannes Winkler (1874–1958) lived and worked for 24 years as a missionary physician in the area south of Lake Toba in the North of Sumatra. Winkler considerably contributed to the establishment and enhancements of a common health care system and of medical attendance. He also was conductive to the construction and expansion of hospitals as well as to the qualified education of indigenous staff, so that his efforts strongly influenced the work of medical missions as a whole.
Through his interest in ethnography, his closeness to the Batak people, and a relationship with a magician priest, who has been a connoisseur of traditional Batak medicine, Winkler gained a deep insight into the world of faith of this people. He published this wide knowledge 1925 in his book Die Toba-Batak auf Sumatra – in gesunden und kranken Tagen (The Toba-Batak in Sumatra in healthy and diseased days) with the subtitle Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des animistischen Heidentums (A contribution to the acknowledgment of animist heathendom). Winkler’s work – containing traditional religious concepts and medical knowledge of the Toba-Batak – is a great repository for ethnologists, comparative religious researchers, and mission historians. Since many years this book is only available in some specialized libraries and sporadic in antique shops.
The editors – a granddaughter and a great-grandson Winkler’s – revised, supplemented and enhanced the present study with hitherto unpublished parts of the original manuscript. Furthermore, they compiled a highly informative biography of Winkler and his family, containing many private details of his life.
Thus the reader comes to know about Winkler’s intensive efforts in documenting the culture of the Batak by means of ethnographical collections for the Hamburg Museum of Ethnology, Germany (today MARKK Museum am Rothenbaum). The appendix includes some short texts Winkler had written for professional journals, and an index of all his published books and articles as well as the handwritten manuscripts, which are still in his estate.
In another edition of our programme the pioneering work of further medical doctors in the development of the Indonesian health care system is portrayed: