21 diagrams, 2 tables, subject index
Text language: English
The present study analyses the possible transitivity patterns in Swahili syntax on the basis of the systematic functional grammar. Using Swahili for illustration purposes, the author works out a new theory for syntax analysis in African languages, referring to Michael Halliday’s (1925–2018) transitivity theory for the English syntax. The concept of transitivity is not understood as part of the vocabulary but rather as part of the sentence. The author treats transitivity as a syntactic expression of processes in the external world of events as well as the internal world of human consciousness.
The transivitiy patterns of the Swahili sentence are discussed from the point of view of four different process types (material, mental, relational, verbal) which have proved to be essential for a suitable description of Swahili. These types are of material, mental, ralational and verbal nature.
The present thesis is an updated, totally revised and extended version of the author’s dissertation accepted at the University of London.