Stefan Elders: Grammaire kulango (parler de Bouna, Côte d’Ivoire) [PDF]


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Gur Monographs · Monographies Voltaïques Volume 10

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XXII, 648 pp.
1 map, 1 b/w photo, numerous tables and charts, appendix

Text language: French

Kulango is spoken in the Northeast of Côte d’Ivoire, in the Zanzan region, as well as in neighbouring Ghana, in the Brong Ahafo region. It is separated into two major dialect groups, the northern branch centring around the village of Bouna in the East of the Parc National de la Comoë. The southern variant is concentrated around the settlements of Bondoukou, Tanda and Nassian. There are some 142,000 speakers of the Bouna variant in Côte d’Ivoire and 15,500 in Ghana, while about 70,000 people in Côte d’Ivoire and 27,000 in Ghana speak Bondoukou-Kulango. A third, minor dialect called Nabay is isolated to two villages in the Northwest of the Parc National de la Comoë. Kulango is part of the Gur language family, a sub-branch of the Niger-Congo languages. With Teen and Loma, so-called Loron languages spoken in the border region of Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso, it forms the Kulango-Loron subdivision of Gur.

This grammar focuses on the Northern dialect of Kulango as spoken in the village of Bouna, the historical centre of the Kulango kingdom described by Boutillier (1993). According to the informants it is the more conservative variant of the language. The result of numerous research trips to the area in the years 2000 and 2001, this present work offers a synchronous description of phonology, morphology and syntax of the language under description. Some aspects of word formation processes are described, as well, putting them into context with other Gur languages.

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